What is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (bppv)

What is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)


Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is one of the most common causes of vertigo — the sharp sensation that you are spinning or that the within of your head is spinning.

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo causes temporary episodes of gentle to intense vertigo. BPPV is typically triggered by specific changes within the position of your head. This may occur once you tip your head or down, once you lie, or once you flip over or stay awake in bed.

Although benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a bothersome problem, it’s seldom serious except once it will increase the prospect of falls. you’ll receive effective treatment for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo throughout a doctor’s office visit.

Symptoms of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

The signs and symptoms of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) might include:

  • Dizziness
  • A sense that you just or your surroundings area unit spinning or moving (vertigo)
  • A loss of balance or unsteadiness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

The signs and symptoms of BPPV will return and go, with symptoms normally lasting but one minute. Episodes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo will disappear a few times so recur.

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Activities that bring forth the signs and symptoms of BPPV will vary from person to person however area unit nearly always brought on by a modification within the position of your head. Some folks additionally check out of balance once standing or walking.

Abnormal cadenced eye movements (nystagmus) sometimes accompany the symptoms of BPPV

When to see a doctor

Generally, see your doctor if you expertise any repeated, sudden, severe, or prolonged and unexplained dizziness or vertigo.

Seek emergency care

Although it’s uncommon for vertigo to signal a significant health problem, see your doctor straight off if you experience dizziness or vertigo at the side of any of the following:

  • A new, completely different or severe headache
  • A fever
  • Double vision or loss of vision
  • Hearing loss
  • Trouble speaking leg or arm weakness
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Falling or difficulty walking
  • Numbness or tingling
  • The signs and symptoms listed on top might signal a more serious problem.

Causes of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Often, there isn’t any known cause for BPPV. this is often referred to as idiopathic BPPV.

When a cause is determined, BPPV is usually related to a minor to a severe blow to your head. Less common causes of BPPV embrace disorders that harm your receptor or, rarely, the harm that happens throughout ear surgery or throughout prolonged positioning on your back, like in a dentist chair. BPPV additionally has been related to migraines.

The ear’s role

Inside your ear may be a small organ referred to as the proprioception labyrinth. It includes 3 loop-shaped structures (semicircular canals) that contain fluid and fine, hair-like sensors that monitor the rotation of your head.

Other structures (otolith organs) in your ear monitor movements of your head — up and down, right and left, back and forth — and your head’s position associated with gravity. These otolith organs contain crystals that cause you to sensitive to gravity.

For a range of reasons, these crystals will become dislodged. once they become dislodged, they will get into one amongst the curving canals — particularly whereas you are lying down. This causes the receptor to become sensitive to go position changes it might ordinarily not reply to, that is what causes you to feel dizzy.

Risk factors

BPPV happens most frequently in people age 50 and older, however, it will occur at any age. BPPV is additionally additional common in women than in men. A head injury or the other disorder of the balance organs of your ear might cause you to additional vulnerable to BPPV.


Although benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is uncomfortable, it seldom causes complications. The vertigo of BPPV will cause you to unsteady, which can place you at larger risk of falling.

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