Dizziness is the feeling of being lightheaded, woozy, or unbalanced. It affects the sensory organs, specifically the eyes and ears, therefore it will typically cause fainting. This isn’t an illness, however rather a symptom of various disorders.
Vertigo and disequilibrium might cause a sense of dizziness, however, those 2 terms describe different symptoms. vertigo is characterized by a spinning sensation, just like the room is moving.
It may conjointly feel like motion sickness or as if you’re leaning to one side. disequilibrium is a loss of balance or equilibrium. True dizziness is the feeling of lightheadedness or nearly fainting.
Dizziness is common and its underlying cause sometimes isn’t serious. Occasional it isn’t something to worry about. However, you must call your doctor right away if you’re experiencing continual episodes of dizziness for no apparent reason or a prolonged period.
Causes of Dizziness
Common causes of dizziness include migraines, medications, and alcohol. It can also be caused by a tangle within the inner ear, where balance is regulated.
Dizziness is usually a result of vertigo as well. the foremost common reason for vertigo and vertigo-related dizziness is benign positional vertigo (BPV). This causes short-run dizziness when somebody changes positions quickly, like sitting up in bed when lying down.
Dizziness and vertigo also can be triggered by Meniere’s illness. This causes fluid to build up in the ear with associated ear fullness, deafness, and tinnitus.
Another potential cause of dizziness and vertigo is an acoustic neuroma. this is often a noncancerous tumor that forms on the nerve that connects the inner ear to the brain.
Some other potential causes of dizziness include:
• a sudden drop in blood pressure
• heart muscle disease
• the decrease in blood volume
• anxiety disorders
• anemia (low iron)
• hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
• ear infection
• excessive exercise
• motion sickness
In rare cases, this could be caused by multiple sclerosis, a stroke, a malignant tumor, or another neurological disorder.
Symptoms of Dizziness
People experiencing dizziness might feel various sensations, including:
• lightheadedness or feeling faint
• a false sense of spinning
• loss of balance
• the feeling of floating or swimming
Sometimes, it is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or fainting.
When to call a doctor regarding Dizziness
You should call your doctor if you continue to have repeated bouts of dizziness. you must conjointly notify your doctor right away if you experience sudden giddiness along with:
• a head injury
• a headache
• a neck ache
• a high fever
• blurred vision
• hearing loss
• difficulty speaking
• numbness or tingling
• the droopiness of the eye or mouth
• loss of consciousness
• chest pain
• ongoing vomiting
These symptoms might indicate a heavy health problem, therefore it’s necessary to seek medical attention as soon as possible.
What to expect throughout your appointment
Your doctor will narrow down the reason for dizziness and any other symptoms by performing a physical examination. They’ll ask you questions on your dizziness, including:
• when it occurs
• in what situations
• the severity of symptoms
• other symptoms that occur with the dizziness
Your doctor might also check your eyes and ears, do a neurological physical test, observe your posture, and perform tests to check balance. depending on the suspected cause, an imaging test such as a CT scan or MRI might be recommended.
In some cases, no cause for dizziness is set.
Treatments for Dizziness
Treatment for dizziness focuses on the underlying cause. In most cases, home remedies and medical treatments will control the cause of giddiness. For example:
• Inner-ear problems could also be managed with medications and at-home exercises that can help control balance.
• BPV can be resolved with maneuvers that can help alleviate symptoms. Surgery is an option for patients whose BPV isn’t otherwise controlled.
• Meniere’s disease is treated with a healthful salt-free diet, occasional injections, or ear surgery.
• Migraines are treated with medications and lifestyle changes, like learning to identify and avoid migraine triggers.
• Medication and anxiety-reducing techniques can help with anxiety disorders.
• Drinking lots of fluids can help when giddiness is caused by excessive exercise, heat, or dehydration.
What you can do about Dizziness
Follow these tips if you have recurrent bouts of dizziness:
• Sit or lie down right away after you feel dizzy and rest until the dizziness goes away. this will prevent the possibility of losing your balance, which can cause the falling and serious injury.
• Use a cane or walker for stability, if necessary.
• Always use handrails when walking up or down the stairs.
• Do activities that improve balance, like yoga and martial art.
• Avoid moving or shift positions suddenly.
• Avoid driving a car or operating heavy machinery if you often experience dizziness without warning.
• Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco. using these substances might trigger dizziness or make it worse.
• Drink a minimum of eight glasses of water a day, get seven hours or a lot of sleep, and avoid stressful things.
• Eat a healthful diet that consists of vegetables, fruits, and lean proteins to assist stop giddiness.
• If you believe your giddiness is being caused by a medicine, confer with your doctor regarding lowering the dose or shift to a different medication.
• Take Associate in Nursing over-the-counter medication, like Antivert (Antivert) or Associate in Nursing medicament, if you expertise nausea in conjunction with giddiness. These medications might cause somnolence, therefore don’t use them after you ought to move or productive.
• Rest in a very cool place and drink water if your giddiness is being caused by heating or dehydration.
Always confer with your doctor if you’re involved regarding the frequency or severity of your giddiness.
Outlook for Dizziness
Most cases of giddiness clear au fait their own once the underlying cause is treated. In rare cases, giddiness will be proof of a lot of serious unhealthiness.
Dizziness might end in complications once it causes fainting or a loss of balance. this will be particularly dangerous once an individual is driving or operative serious machinery. Use caution if you are feeling Associate in Nursing episode of giddiness approaching. If you become dizzy, stop driving right away or notice a secure place to steady yourself until it passes.
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